How Much You Know About HIE?

20 Jan

When the brain is deprived of sufficient supply of oxygen, it causes brain cell injury. Some cells might just be able to recover but some of it may die. A very common cause for oxygen deprivation to our brain is the low oxygen levels in our blood or perhaps, the reduced flow of oxygen to our brain. This can just happen in various ways like before birth, during birth process, after birth and at times, even during childhood.

Basically, there are various alternate diagnosis for this particular condition similar to perinatal asphyxia, perinatal encephalopathy, neonatal encephalopathy or birth asphyxia. There are a couple of stages for HIE injury with the first being immediately right after the oxygen deprivation while the second takes place as the normal oxygenated blood circulation resumes to the brain. This is otherwise referred to is reperfusion injury and happens as toxins are being released from damaged cells. To learn more, you must visit

There are countless of parents who are still puzzled what and how HIE. On the What part, you may be surprised that there are so many causes for HIE and these include near SIDS events, cardiac arrests, placental blood clots, aneurysm rupture, cord prolapsed, trauma during delivery, extremely low maternal blood pressure, true umbilical knots, placental abruption, uterine rupture, placental insufficiency, shoulder dystocia, cord compression, fetal maternal hemorrhage and maternal blood clotting disorders.

For the diagnosis of HIE in newborn baby, they do this by utilizing various diagnostic tools and one of it is Sarnat Scale. Basically, this is based on how the baby appears after an injury or birth or presentation at hospital. Apart from that, imaging technology can be used too in the diagnosis like MRI, ultrasound and EEG while other professionals check for the cord blood gas level. Get some more facts at

As for the treatment of HIE, this one will check at the criteria first. More often than not, it has shown to reduce disability and death as well to perform cooling or therapeutic hypothermia. You may find it hard to believe one of the most popular and most suggested is the cooling treatment. While this is just the most popular, please be aware that there are many different kinds of treatments used globally.

As for the therapeutic hypothermia, it can be done on the entire body or via the cooling cap that's placed on the head. While the newborn is on their recovery period, they may be given with other medical intervention to support organs.

The rate of babies diagnosed with HIE on the other hand runs on a ratio of 2 to 3 babies in every 1000 full term births. Go to and understand more about HIE.

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